Greater One China, Two Governments:
Shih Ming-teh's Five Cross-Strait Principles
United Daily News editorial (Taipei, Taiwan, ROC)
May 27, 2014
Summary: Yesterday Shih Ming-teh announced his "Five Principles for Dealing with
Cross-Strait Issues." Seven promoters of the Five Principles, blue and
green camp alike, sat on the stage above. Dozens of guests, blue and
green camp alike, sat among the audience below. This was the first time
in history both blue and green parties have gathered under the same roof
to participate in a privately sponsored cross-Strait policy conference.
Full Text Below:
Yesterday Shih Ming-teh announced his "Five Principles for Dealing with Cross-Strait Issues." Seven promoters of the Five Principles, blue and green camp alike, sat on the stage above. Dozens of guests, blue and green camp alike, sat among the audience below. This was the first time in history both blue and green parties have gathered under the same roof to participate in a privately sponsored cross-Strait policy conference.
As we can see, the cross-Strait policies of the blue, green, and red parties have all arrived at bottlenecks. Beijing's "one country, two systems," the Ma administration's "one China, different interpretations," and the green camp's "one nation on each side" policies have all hit the wall. Why? Because politically and ideologically. all three have their hands tied, either by themselves, or by others. Solutions to cross-Strait problems remain forever mired in political calculations that reflect neither the spirit of civilization nor the interests of the public.
Shih MIng-teh said his move was an attempt to cut the Gordian Knot. His Five Principles have two distinct traits. One. They were a private sector initiative that transcended blue vs. green barriers. Two. They stood outside the blue, green, and red political parties. They proposed a new framework for cross-Strait policy, and Five Principles for dealing with cross-Strait issues.
From his "Five Principles" we can infer the following. Under the Greater One China Framework, the Republic of China is linked to the People's Republic of China. The two sides' warring governments are transformed into divided rule governments. This is referred to as Greater One China, Two Governments, or One China, Two Governments for short.
Cross-Strait relations include two basic elements. One. Linkage points. For example, the term "One China" addresses the matter of linkage points. Two. Primacy. The term "Primacy" addresses the fact that the two sides are separately ruled. Therefore any solution to cross-Strait relations must deal both with linkage points and primacy. Lean too far toward one side or the other, and one will lose the necessary balance.
Under One China Two Governments, the term "One China" addresses the linkage points, while the term "Two Governments" addresses primacy. Therefore the "One China, Two Governments Framework" has two implications.
One. The One China Framework becomes the Great One China Framework. The Great One China Framework does not shatter or repudiate the One China Framework. It extends and enlarges it. Under the One China Framework the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China do not recognize each other's sovereignty. This involves a mutual repudiation. But the Great One China Framework is a more inclusive framework, under which the Republic of China can coexists side by side with the People's Republic of China. The two sides do not repudiate each other's sovereignty. Instead they share sovereignty. Therefore the Great One China Framework is a framework that addresses both linkage points and primacy.
Two. The two warring governments are transformed into peaceful, separately ruled governments. The 1949 era warring governments are transformed into 21st century era separately ruled governments. The separately ruled governments have both linkage points and primacy.
The primacy of the Republic of China is honored within the Great One China Framework. The ROC and the Great One China Framework linkage points are preserved. Therefore under the Great One China Framework the primacy of the Republic of China and the linkage points are two sides of the same coin. This cross-Strait relation, which addresses both linkage points and primacy, may be referred to as the "new cross-Strait relationship."
To establish a new cross-Strait relationship, Taiwan must look beyond internal Blue vs. Green clashes over reunification or independence. The two sides of the Strait must look beyond civil war era conflict between the KMT and CCP. The two sides must transform the warring governments into divided rule governments. The One China Framework must be raised to the level of the Great One China Framework. Cross-Strait relations can no longer be a civil war in which there is only me and no you. The resolution of cross-Strait problems must lead to a more humane civilization. Internationally, we must not revert to the law of the jungle. Domestically, we must not add another tragedy to the history of the Chinese nation. The Great One China, Two Governments Framework ends mutual aggression. It champions a "You do not swallow me up. I do not swallow you up" relationship. This of course amounts to a new kind of cross-Strait relationship.
Actually, in recent years, divided rule under the Great One China, Two Governments Framework has been the reality. It reflects the blue, green, and red parties' area of greatest overlap. Beijing has the advantage. Therefore it is reluctant to acknowledge this. The Ma administration remains wary of Beijing and fearful of a Green Camp backlash. Therefore it is afraid to acknowledge this. The Green Camp clings to its On Nation on Each Side premise. Therefore it is unwilling to acknowledge this. Shih Ming-teh and others have proposed divided rule under a Great One China Framework. This is both innovative and realistic. It says what the blue, green, and red parties were reluctant to say, or afraid to say, or unwilling to say. Therefore the three parties should take maximum advantage of the opportunity to cut the Gordian Knot and create a new cross-Strait policy framework.
To this extent the new cross-Strait relationship, or the Great One China, Two Governments Framework, enables the blue, green, and red parties to save face and break through the impasse. It enables the blue, green and red camps to take the high road, and cross-Strait relations to make a soft landing.
2014.05.28 02:08 am