Liberating One's Thinking: New Concept of Sovereignty and Civil War
China Times editorial (Taipei, Taiwan, ROC)
May 29, 2014
Summary: Shih Ming-teh has announced his "Five Principles for
Dealing with Cross-Strait Issues." Implementing these principles
requires liberating one's thinking and becoming innovative in one's
policies. The "Great One China, Two Governments Framework" must be based
on a new view of sovereignty and civil war.
Full Text Below:
Shih Ming-teh has announced his "Five Principles for Dealing with Cross-Strait Issues." Implementing these principles requires liberating one's thinking and becoming innovative in one's policies. The "Great One China, Two Governments Framework" must be based on a new view of sovereignty and civil war.
First consider the new view of sovereignty. The Great One China, Two Governments Framework is based on an innovative view of sovereignty. The concept of sovereignty only appeared in the 16th century. Before that, there was no concept of sovereignty. In other words, sovereignty is a human artifice, not a natural phenomenon.
Since sovereignty is a human artifice, it can develop, change, and evolve. For example, the earliest view of sovereignty included the "divine right of kings" and "L'etat, c'est moi." Later, Rousseau and Locke developed the "social contract" theory of popular sovereignty. Later, the socialist revolution led to the "dictatorship of the proletariat." Later the confederation was another manifestation of sovereignty. Now the European Union is a "28 + 1" concept. Twenty-eight Member States each have their own constitution. Above them all there is the EU constitution. This is the "28 + 1" concept. When the United Nations was founded, there were only 50 sovereign states. Today the UN has 194 Member States. History shows us that the concept of sovereignty is a human artifice that can develop, change, and evolve.
The third of the "Five Principles" clearly points out how "One China" cannot be narrowly viewed as a synonym for the "People's Republic of China." The Great One China, Two Governments Framework is an innovative view of sovereignty. It proclaims that under the Great One China, Two Governments Framework, the Republic of China and the People's Republic of China are both part of China, that they are two governments equal in status but divided in their rule.
Now consider a new view of civil war. The cross-Strait status quo is the legacy of the 1940s era civil war. But the civil war ended long ago. All that remains today is politicians who refuse to allow the people to let go of their civil war mindset. Obviously no civil war is being waged today. Politicians who perpetuate a civil war view of history have hijacked the people, kidnapped the people, manipulated the people, and made fools of the people. Last year, over 10 million tourists crossed the Straits. Mainland visitors filled their suitcases with "Huang Fei Hong" spicy peanuts and pineapple cakes. Over the past six years the two sides signed 21 agreements, explicitly affirming "peaceful development." Are we really still in the midst of a civil war? Or more to the point, do we really want a civil war? Do we really need to continue a civil war?
What is a civil war? It is a war between two governments. It is rifles and cannons and rivers of blood. We are no longer shooting and bleeding. The two sides of the Strait now use "peaceful development" to solve their problems. The "warring governments" have become divided rule governments.
In short, as the second of the "Five Principles" notes, the warring governments on the two sides of the Strait are now divided rule governments. One. This means that the cross-Strait status quo is a legacy of the civil war. The civil war created "warring governments." It also led to the establishment of "two governments." Two. But these two governments are not currently at war. They have become two governments that signed 21 agreements on equal but divided rule. Three. The two equal, divided rule governments are a fact. Therefore they must recognize each others jurisdiction. This leads naturally to the Great One China, Two Governments Framework, which deals with the "non-repudiation of each other's sovereignty" issue.
The Great One China, Two Governments Framework deals with the issue of sovereignty. It invokes a new concept of sovereignty to deal with the existence of two countries. Linkage points ensure that they do not view each other as foreign countries. Divided rule involves jurisdiction. It is a new concept that deals with the existence of the two governments. Primacy means the two governments are equal but rule separately.
The Great One China, Two Governments Framework means that the facts are real, the recognition is real, the feelings are real, the values are real, the belief is real, the system is gradually becoming real. Divided rule is used to promote the Great One China, Two Governments Framework. Conversely, the Great One China, Two Governments Frameworks stabilizes the reality of divided rule.
How will the Great One China, Two Governments Framework create linkage points between the Republic of China and the People's Republic of China ? The fourth of the "Five Principles" deals with this. It proclaims that the Republic of China and the People's Republic of China are each "incomplete international legal persons." The linkage points mean that the "Five Principles" are not the same as the "Two States Theory." What of the so-called "incomplete international legal person?" Consider the EU as a confederation. The confederation model and the EU model have been rejected in the past. Therefore one may wish to avoid mentioning it, But rejecting the name is not the same as rejecting the concept. The Mainland recently proposed setting up "Committee for Peaceful Development" think tanks on both sides of the Strait to serve as linkage points. One need not explore confederations, either in name or in fact.
2014.05.29 04:22 am